Joseph Shapiro http://nhpr.org en Michigan's High Court Limits The Fees Billed To Defendants http://nhpr.org/post/michigans-high-court-limits-fees-billed-defendants Transcript <p>ROBERT SIEGEL, HOST: <p>From NPR News, this is ALL THINGS CONSIDERED. I'm Robert Siegel.<p>MELISSA BLOCK, HOST: <p>And I'm Melissa Block. Michigan's top court, today, moved to put limits on what local governments can charge defendants who go through the court system. The court ruled in a case we told you about last month of a man who got billed more than a thousand dollars for his court costs. Wed, 18 Jun 2014 21:32:00 +0000 Joseph Shapiro 50466 at http://nhpr.org Court Fees Drive Many Poor Defendants Underground http://nhpr.org/post/court-fees-drive-many-poor-defendants-underground The use of fines and fees charged to criminal defendants has exploded. <a href="http://www.npr.org/2014/05/19/312158516/increasing-court-fees-punish-the-poor">An NPR investigation</a> has found people who can't afford those charges can go to jail for not paying. Hundreds of thousands are hiding from police and the courts. <div class="fullattribution">Copyright 2014 NPR. Wed, 21 May 2014 20:39:00 +0000 Joseph Shapiro 48919 at http://nhpr.org Supreme Court Ruling Not Enough To Prevent Debtors Prisons http://nhpr.org/post/supreme-court-ruling-not-enough-prevent-debtors-prisons Debtors prisons were outlawed in the United States nearly 200 years ago. And more than 30 years ago, the U.S. Supreme Court made it clear: Judges cannot send people to jail just because they are too poor to pay their court fines.<p>That decision came in a 1983 case called <em>Bearden v. Georgia</em>, which held that a judge must first consider whether the defendant has the ability to pay but "willfully" refuses.<p>However, the Supreme Court didn't tell courts how to determine what it means to "willfully" not pay. Wed, 21 May 2014 09:22:00 +0000 Joseph Shapiro 48864 at http://nhpr.org Supreme Court Ruling Not Enough To Prevent Debtors Prisons Unpaid Court Fees Land The Poor In 21st Century Debtors' Prisons http://nhpr.org/post/unpaid-court-fees-land-poor-21st-century-debtors-prisons Debtors' prisons were outlawed in the United States back before the Civil War. But an NPR <a href="http://www.npr.org/2014/05/19/312455680/state-by-state-court-fees">state-by-state survey</a> found that people still get sent to jail for unpaid court fines and fees. <div class="fullattribution">Copyright 2014 NPR. Tue, 20 May 2014 10:17:00 +0000 Joseph Shapiro 48790 at http://nhpr.org As Court Fees Rise, The Poor Are Paying The Price http://nhpr.org/post/court-fees-rise-poor-are-paying-price In Augusta, Ga., a judge sentenced Tom Barrett to 12 months after he stole a can of beer worth less than $2.<p>In Ionia, Mich., 19-year-old Kyle Dewitt caught a fish out of season; then a judge sentenced him to three days in jail.<p>In Grand Rapids, Mich., Stephen Papa, a homeless Iraq War veteran, spent 22 days in jail, not for what he calls his "embarrassing behavior" after he got drunk with friends and climbed into an abandoned building, but because he had only $25 the day he went to court.<p>The common thread in these cases, and scores more like them, is the jail time wasn't punishment for Mon, 19 May 2014 20:51:00 +0000 Joseph Shapiro 48764 at http://nhpr.org As Court Fees Rise, The Poor Are Paying The Price Feds List Schools Under Investigation For Abuse Claims http://nhpr.org/post/feds-list-schools-under-investigation-abuse-claims Transcript <p>RENEE MONTAGNE, HOST: <p>It's MORNING EDITION, from NPR News. Good morning. I'm Renee Montagne.<p>STEVE INSKEEP, HOST: <p>And I'm Steve Inskeep.<p>A Supreme Court justice famously said that sunlight is the best disinfectant. Louis Brandeis meant that publicity changes bad behavior, and this appears to be the theory followed by the U.S. Department of Education. Fri, 02 May 2014 09:25:00 +0000 Joseph Shapiro 47767 at http://nhpr.org Campus Rape Reports Are Up, And Assaults Aren't The Only Reason http://nhpr.org/post/campus-rape-reports-are-and-assaults-arent-only-reason The number of "forcible rapes" that get reported at four-year colleges increased 49 percent between 2008 and 2012. That's the finding of an analysis by NPR's Investigative Unit of data from the Department of Education.<p>That increase shows that sexual assault is a persistent and ugly problem on college campuses. Wed, 30 Apr 2014 22:12:00 +0000 Joseph Shapiro 47694 at http://nhpr.org Campus Rape Reports Are Up, And Assaults Aren't The Only Reason Shooting Unfairly Links Violence With Mental Illness — Again http://nhpr.org/post/shooting-unfairly-links-violence-mental-illness-again With the Army's disclosure that Army Spc. Ivan Lopez was being evaluated for post-traumatic stress disorder before he went on a shooting rampage Wednesday, there were once again questions about whether the Army could have prevented the violence at Fort Hood.<p>Experts in mental health say (even as <a href="http://www.npr.org/blogs/thetwo-way/2014/04/03/298708884/what-do-we-know-about-the-fort-hood-gunman">more facts</a> about Lopez emerge) that it's highly unlikely the violence could have been predicted. Thu, 03 Apr 2014 23:14:00 +0000 Joseph Shapiro 46179 at http://nhpr.org Shooting Unfairly Links Violence With Mental Illness — Again Mastermind Of 'Body Stealing' Scheme Dies http://nhpr.org/post/mastermind-body-stealing-scheme-dies Dr. Michael Mastromarino died Sunday after battling liver and bone cancer. He was 49.<p>Mastromarino pleaded guilty to "body stealing." In 2008, he was sentenced to up to 58 years in prison.<p>But he continued to insist that he'd been misunderstood. He spoke to NPR, working with the International Consortium of Investigative Journalists, last year from a prison near Buffalo, N.Y.<p>As soon as we'd clipped on his microphone and before we could even test the recording level, the tall, bald man in a green prison jumpsuit was defending himself. Wed, 10 Jul 2013 19:28:00 +0000 Joseph Shapiro 31052 at http://nhpr.org Mastermind Of 'Body Stealing' Scheme Dies Justice In The Segregated South: A New Look At An Old Killing http://nhpr.org/post/justice-segregated-south-new-look-old-killing <em>This story contains language that some may find offensive.</em><p>In the segregated South in 1965, John Queen was about as insignificant as a man could be. He was black, elderly and paralyzed. His legs had been crushed when as a boy he fell off a roof. For the rest of his life, he pulled himself around with his hands.<p>In Fayette, Miss., he would shine shoes on Main Street for a few coins. People called him "Crippled Johnny" or "Shoe-Shine Johnny."<p>"He didn't have legs, so he walked like a rabbit," says Lillie Lee Henderson, Queen's great-niece. Fri, 03 May 2013 20:03:00 +0000 Joseph Shapiro 26833 at http://nhpr.org Justice In The Segregated South: A New Look At An Old Killing Law Targets Sexual Violence On College Campuses http://nhpr.org/post/law-targets-sexual-violence-college-campuses When President Obama signs an updated version of the <a href="http://www.npr.org/blogs/health/2013/02/28/173161650/change-in-law-may-spur-campus-action-on-sexual-assaults">Violence Against Women Act</a> on Thursday afternoon, the law will include new requirements for how colleges and universities handle allegations of sexual assault.<p>Laura Dunn, who's been invited by the White House to attend, plans to be there.<p>In 2010, Dunn <a href="http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=124001493">told her story</a> on <em>Morning Edition</em>: She believed her Wisconsin school failed to p Thu, 07 Mar 2013 00:38:00 +0000 Joseph Shapiro 23238 at http://nhpr.org Koop Turned Surgeon General's Office Into Mighty Education Platform http://nhpr.org/post/koop-turned-surgeon-generals-office-mighty-education-platform Transcript <p>AUDIE CORNISH, HOST: <p>C. Everett Koop was the most outspoken and some would argue the most influential of all U.S. surgeon generals. [POST-BROADCAST CORRECTION: The correct plural form of the word is surgeons general.] He wore the uniform throughout most of the 1980s, and he turned an office with little power into a mighty platform - to educate Americans about AIDS prevention and the dangers of smoking.<p>C. Everett Koop died today at his home in Hanover, New Hampshire. He was 96. NPR's Joseph Shapiro looks back on his career.<p>JOSEPH SHAPIRO, BYLINE: When C. Mon, 25 Feb 2013 22:32:00 +0000 Joseph Shapiro 22619 at http://nhpr.org Why A Young Man Died In A Nursing Home, A State Away From His Mom http://nhpr.org/post/why-young-man-died-nursing-home-state-away-his-mom Zach Sayne was 25 when he died earlier this month at the place that had been his home for 15 years — a children's nursing home in Alabama.<p>But that was too far away, 200 miles too far, for his mother in Georgia. Nola Sayne was trying to bring him back, closer to her home. Wed, 16 Jan 2013 18:35:00 +0000 Joseph Shapiro 20273 at http://nhpr.org Why A Young Man Died In A Nursing Home, A State Away From His Mom Dismissed Case Raises Questions On Shaken Baby Diagnosis http://nhpr.org/post/dismissed-case-raises-questions-shaken-baby-diagnosis When San Francisco prosecutors dismissed charges against Kristian Aspelin in early December, it became just the latest case to raise questions about how shaken baby syndrome is diagnosed. Aspelin, who was accused of causing the death of his infant son, had one thing in his favor: He had enough money to pay for medical experts who cast doubt on the prosecution's theory.<br /> Fri, 21 Dec 2012 20:16:00 +0000 Joseph Shapiro 18939 at http://nhpr.org Dismissed Case Raises Questions On Shaken Baby Diagnosis Spinal Surgery Company To Give Tissue Proceeds To Charity http://nhpr.org/post/spinal-surgery-company-give-tissue-proceeds-charity When a California company developed a product to be used in spinal fusion surgeries, the firm's president said he knew it faced a new "ethical dilemma," even noting a recent <a href="http://www.npr.org/series/156935894/human-tissue-donation">NPR news investigation</a> questioning the high profits some firms were making from donated human tissue.<p>Spinal Elements, a small and growing company, had long made plates, screws and other technology used in spinal surgeries. Sun, 07 Oct 2012 15:22:00 +0000 Joseph Shapiro 14330 at http://nhpr.org Spinal Surgery Company To Give Tissue Proceeds To Charity