Surgery http://nhpr.org en Head Transplants: Ethical Nightmare Or Medical Breakthrough http://nhpr.org/post/head-transplants-ethical-nightmare-or-medical-breakthrough <p>In 1970, Dr. Robert White attempted an experimental surgical procedure that might as well have been lifted from the pages of Mary Shelley’s <em>Frankenstein</em> – he removed the head of one living monkey, and attached it to the body of another. Dr. White called it a head transplant and a success. His detractors called it a medical and ethical nightmare. In June of this year, Italian surgeon Sergio Canavero declared that advances in medical technology have made head transplants possible. A number of medical professionals greeted his announcement with skepticism. <em>The Atlantic’s </em>health editor <strong>James Hamblin</strong> <a href="http://www.theatlantic.com/health/archive/2013/07/how-to-perform-a-head-transplant/277519/" target="_blank">wrote about</a> how Canavero says the procedure will work.</p><p> Tue, 16 Jul 2013 15:22:18 +0000 Virginia Prescott 31387 at http://nhpr.org Head Transplants: Ethical Nightmare Or Medical Breakthrough Closing The Sale: Robot Surgeons http://nhpr.org/post/closing-sale-robot-surgeons <p>Pharmaceutical companies have long gotten a bad rap for trying to influence medical decisions for a profit – but the issue isn’t exclusive to drugs. New York Times reporter <strong>Roni Caryn Rabin</strong> recently <a href="http://www.nytimes.com/2013/03/26/health/salesmen-in-the-surgical-suite.html?pagewanted=all&amp;_r=0" target="_blank">wrote about aggressive tactics</a> used to market the Da Vinci Surgical System – a robotic assistant now operating in over 1300 hospitals across the United States.</p><p> Thu, 11 Apr 2013 14:13:54 +0000 Virginia Prescott 25352 at http://nhpr.org Closing The Sale: Robot Surgeons Cheney Operation Underscores Heart Transplant Issues http://nhpr.org/post/cheney-operation-underscores-heart-transplant-issues Former Vice President Dick Cheney is recovering from a heart transplant he received Saturday at Inova Fairfax Hospital in Falls Church, Va.<p>The operation makes Cheney among more than 2,300 Americans who get heart transplants every year.<p>Heart transplantation has come a long way since Christiaan Barnard stitched the heart of a young woman into the chest of a middle-aged man in South Africa in 1967. That transplant recipient died 18 days later. Mon, 26 Mar 2012 04:01:00 +0000 Rob Stein 2756 at http://nhpr.org Cheney Operation Underscores Heart Transplant Issues Prone To Failure, Some All-Metal Hip Implants Need To Be Removed Early http://nhpr.org/post/prone-failure-some-all-metal-hip-implants-need-be-removed-early When Susy Mansfield needed a hip replacement in 2009, her orthopedic surgeon chose a relatively new and untested kind of <a href="http://www.orthoinfo.org/topic.cfm?topic=A00625">artificial hip made entirely of metal</a>.<p>"He said, 'You're young. Metal is good for younger people. It's going to last a lot longer,' " says Mansfield, who was 57 at the time.<p>Older-model artificial hips are usually made of a tough plastic and metal. But they can wear out after 10 or 15 years, especially in people who are physically active like Mansfield. Mon, 19 Mar 2012 08:14:00 +0000 Richard Knox 2589 at http://nhpr.org Prone To Failure, Some All-Metal Hip Implants Need To Be Removed Early New Methods Could Speed Up Repair Of Injured Nerves http://nhpr.org/post/new-methods-could-speed-repair-injured-nerves When a nerve is injured, it's often hard to get it to regrow fast enough to restore function.<p>But now researchers say they can speed up that process, so that damaged nerves can be healed in days instead of months — at least in rats.<p>The scientists say they've developed a technique that reconnects the severed ends of a nerve, allowing it to begin carrying messages again very quickly. Usually, severed nerves must regrow from the point of injury — a process that can take months, if it ever happens.<p>This might eventually <em></em>help the more than 50,000 people a year in the U.S. Mon, 27 Feb 2012 05:01:00 +0000 Jon Hamilton 2148 at http://nhpr.org New Methods Could Speed Up Repair Of Injured Nerves Wanted: Specially Designed Tools For Pediatric Surgery http://nhpr.org/post/wanted-specially-designed-tools-pediatric-surgery One tool doesn't fit all when it comes to surgery.<p>Pediatric surgeons know this all too well when it's time to operate on a baby. Some infants are born prematurely. Others have congenital defects — some part of their internal anatomy that just didn't develop the way it was supposed to.<p>In other words, plumbing problems. That's what <a href="http://www.lpch.org/findADoctor/search/doc.pl?doc=20953&amp;resultSet=20953">Dr. Sanjeev Dutta</a>, a pediatric surgeon at Lucile Packard Children's Hospital in Palo Alto, Calif., calls it. Mon, 20 Feb 2012 05:01:00 +0000 Amy Standen 1994 at http://nhpr.org Wanted: Specially Designed Tools For Pediatric Surgery