Surgery http://nhpr.org en 7.16.14: Kinder Surgeons, Infection Detecting Dogs, And The Coming Out Simulation http://nhpr.org/post/71614-kinder-surgeons-infection-detecting-dogs-and-coming-out-simulation <p>Surgery requires <em>years</em> of education, steady hands, extreme confidence, and…kindness? Today we ask: when it comes to being a good surgeon, does bedside manner matter? Then, we head into the OR to find out what some surgeons listen to while their patients are under the knife. Plus, how some European hospitals are harnessing beagles’ sense of smell to detect superbugs. And, one game designer has come up with a simulator which allows players to experience what it’s like coming out to your parents.</p><p>Listen to the full show and&nbsp;<strong>Read more</strong>&nbsp;for individual segments.</p><p> Wed, 16 Jul 2014 17:33:22 +0000 Word of Mouth 52041 at http://nhpr.org 7.16.14: Kinder Surgeons, Infection Detecting Dogs, And The Coming Out Simulation Head Transplants: Ethical Nightmare Or Medical Breakthrough http://nhpr.org/post/head-transplants-ethical-nightmare-or-medical-breakthrough <p>In 1970, Dr. Robert White attempted an experimental surgical procedure that might as well have been lifted from the pages of Mary Shelley’s <em>Frankenstein</em> – he removed the head of one living monkey, and attached it to the body of another. Dr. White called it a head transplant and a success. His detractors called it a medical and ethical nightmare. In June of this year, Italian surgeon Sergio Canavero declared that advances in medical technology have made head transplants possible. A number of medical professionals greeted his announcement with skepticism. <em>The Atlantic’s </em>health editor <strong>James Hamblin</strong> <a href="http://www.theatlantic.com/health/archive/2013/07/how-to-perform-a-head-transplant/277519/" target="_blank">wrote about</a> how Canavero says the procedure will work.</p><p> Tue, 16 Jul 2013 15:22:18 +0000 Virginia Prescott 31387 at http://nhpr.org Head Transplants: Ethical Nightmare Or Medical Breakthrough Closing The Sale: Robot Surgeons http://nhpr.org/post/closing-sale-robot-surgeons <p>Pharmaceutical companies have long gotten a bad rap for trying to influence medical decisions for a profit – but the issue isn’t exclusive to drugs. New York Times reporter <strong>Roni Caryn Rabin</strong> recently <a href="http://www.nytimes.com/2013/03/26/health/salesmen-in-the-surgical-suite.html?pagewanted=all&amp;_r=0" target="_blank">wrote about aggressive tactics</a> used to market the Da Vinci Surgical System – a robotic assistant now operating in over 1300 hospitals across the United States.</p><p> Thu, 11 Apr 2013 14:13:54 +0000 Virginia Prescott 25352 at http://nhpr.org Closing The Sale: Robot Surgeons Cheney Operation Underscores Heart Transplant Issues http://nhpr.org/post/cheney-operation-underscores-heart-transplant-issues Former Vice President Dick Cheney is recovering from a heart transplant he received Saturday at Inova Fairfax Hospital in Falls Church, Va.<p>The operation makes Cheney among more than 2,300 Americans who get heart transplants every year.<p>Heart transplantation has come a long way since Christiaan Barnard stitched the heart of a young woman into the chest of a middle-aged man in South Africa in 1967. That transplant recipient died 18 days later. Mon, 26 Mar 2012 04:01:00 +0000 Rob Stein 2756 at http://nhpr.org Cheney Operation Underscores Heart Transplant Issues Prone To Failure, Some All-Metal Hip Implants Need To Be Removed Early http://nhpr.org/post/prone-failure-some-all-metal-hip-implants-need-be-removed-early When Susy Mansfield needed a hip replacement in 2009, her orthopedic surgeon chose a relatively new and untested kind of <a href="http://www.orthoinfo.org/topic.cfm?topic=A00625">artificial hip made entirely of metal</a>.<p>"He said, 'You're young. Metal is good for younger people. It's going to last a lot longer,' " says Mansfield, who was 57 at the time.<p>Older-model artificial hips are usually made of a tough plastic and metal. But they can wear out after 10 or 15 years, especially in people who are physically active like Mansfield. Mon, 19 Mar 2012 08:14:00 +0000 Richard Knox 2589 at http://nhpr.org Prone To Failure, Some All-Metal Hip Implants Need To Be Removed Early New Methods Could Speed Up Repair Of Injured Nerves http://nhpr.org/post/new-methods-could-speed-repair-injured-nerves When a nerve is injured, it's often hard to get it to regrow fast enough to restore function.<p>But now researchers say they can speed up that process, so that damaged nerves can be healed in days instead of months — at least in rats.<p>The scientists say they've developed a technique that reconnects the severed ends of a nerve, allowing it to begin carrying messages again very quickly. Usually, severed nerves must regrow from the point of injury — a process that can take months, if it ever happens.<p>This might eventually <em></em>help the more than 50,000 people a year in the U.S. Mon, 27 Feb 2012 05:01:00 +0000 Jon Hamilton 2148 at http://nhpr.org New Methods Could Speed Up Repair Of Injured Nerves Wanted: Specially Designed Tools For Pediatric Surgery http://nhpr.org/post/wanted-specially-designed-tools-pediatric-surgery One tool doesn't fit all when it comes to surgery.<p>Pediatric surgeons know this all too well when it's time to operate on a baby. Some infants are born prematurely. Others have congenital defects — some part of their internal anatomy that just didn't develop the way it was supposed to.<p>In other words, plumbing problems. That's what <a href="http://www.lpch.org/findADoctor/search/doc.pl?doc=20953&amp;resultSet=20953">Dr. Sanjeev Dutta</a>, a pediatric surgeon at Lucile Packard Children's Hospital in Palo Alto, Calif., calls it. Mon, 20 Feb 2012 05:01:00 +0000 Amy Standen 1994 at http://nhpr.org Wanted: Specially Designed Tools For Pediatric Surgery