Los Angeles is a city of extremes: There are neighborhoods so luxurious only millionaires can afford them and neighborhoods so poor that residents work several jobs to pay the rent. Now, a young LA painter is bringing these neighborhoods together on his canvases.
Ramiro Gomez paints modernist houses in Beverly Hills, perfectly appointed kitchens and exclusive shops on Melrose Avenue. His pictures have nothing, and everything, to do with his background. Gomez's mother is a janitor, and his father works the graveyard shift driving a truck. Workers like his Mexican immigrant parents show up in his paintings — part of the invisible landscape of luxury LA.
"Someone will always be working to keep it nice," Gomez says. "Whether it's a home in the Hollywood Hills or Beverly Hills or the Paramount Studios."
Gomez puts those "someones" on his canvases. He shows mostly Latino gardeners tending perfect lawns, maids cleaning tiles in gleaming bathrooms and nannies gathered in the park.
These images show "the lush, easy lifestyle of L.A., which is entirely undergirded by armies of domestic workers," says New Yorker magazine writer Lawrence Weschler. He's done a long essay on Gomez for the new coffee table book Domestic Scenes. The artist always has laborers in his range of sight, Weschler says.
"I can be walking along with him," Weschler says. "He'll just say 'Eight.' I'll say, 'Eight what?' He says, 'There's eight workers I can see in my line of vision. There's that guy over there, there's that guy, and that lady that's there ...' "
The first Gomez painting to catch Weschler's eye was a nearly precise reproduction of a work by David Hockney. The famous English artist began painting rich LA in the 1960s. In A Bigger Splash, Hockney shows turquoise water in a big pool with a diving board and a big splash of water. (You can see it here.)
In Gomez's version, the water darkens to cobalt and instead of a splash there's a man cleaning the pool. He's trawling for debris in the water. And over toward the back, a woman — she's faceless, like all his figures — sweeps the patio near a wall of windows. Gomez calls it No Splash.
"The painting itself was originally going to be called Thursday Afternoon," Gomez explains, "because those are the times that the pool cleaner and the housekeeper would come into the space."
Gomez, who is 29, knows that from his years working as a nanny in LA; in the expensive house where he worked he watched other servants come and go.
Gomez does riffs on several Hockney paintings. He substitutes leaf-blowing gardeners for wealthy Hockney art collectors. He puts another gardener raking a grassy lawn that Hockney had shown being watered.
Weschler has written extensively about Hockney and thought he'd make an introduction.
"Next thing you know, we're driving up to the Hollywood hills up to Mulholland Drive through Laurel Canyon to meet him," Gomez recalls.
Weschler says Hockney was completely charmed and impressed by Gomez.
"He was excited to see these paintings in a different way," Gomez says. "He loved my choice of figures, he loved how I included the figures, he loved the color choices."
So, two generations after Hockney's take on sunshine-living in Los Angeles, a Mexican-American shows unseen laborers, under those same sunny skies. Sometimes Gomez makes life-size cardboard cutouts of his workers, and stands them up on actual manicured lawns.
"Invariably the owner gets pissed off and removes the piece — or, more accurately — orders it removed by the help," Weschler says.
Gomez hopes the domestic workers do remove the cutouts — and take them home to keep. In addition to the paintings and cutouts, he rips pages from glossy magazines and applies his theme. In an ad for a shiny black Cadillac SUV, he includes people washing the car.
Gomez denies he's a political painter, but Weschler says Gomez is "wielding painting as a way of getting people to notice, and in some ways I think that's one of the most political things you can do."
People are noticing and buying. In the past three years, California museums and private collectors have bought Gomez works, some for thousands of dollars. The grateful son of loving laborers was able to send his parents away for their first vacation. They spent a weekend at a nice hotel in Las Vegas.
"Now they understand that this little 5-year-old that would draw on the wall, and a 15-year-old that would stay after school in art studios, and the 22-year-old that was painting in different materials, now to the 29-year-old that is being featured in NPR and artwork and gallery shows — it's all part of my journey," he says.