Notorious RBG: The Supreme Court Justice Turned Cultural Icon

Oct 26, 2015
Originally published on February 7, 2016 10:52 pm

Supreme Court justices are generally robed and mysterious figures. Their faces are not emblazoned on T-shirts, painted on fingernails, tattooed on arms and shoulders, and their characters are not parodied on TV programs ranging from Saturday Night Live to Scandal. At least not until Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg became a cultural icon at about the same time she turned 80. Much of that iconic status is attributed to a Tumblr called "Notorious R.B.G.," which now has been transformed into a graphic nonfiction book due out Tuesday.

Enraged by the Supreme Court ruling in 2012 that gutted the Voting Rights Act, Shana Knizhnik created an online tribute for the equally furious dissenter in that case: Justice Ginsburg. The "Notorious R.B.G." Tumblr took off like a bobsled on ice.

Soon Ginsburg heard about the Tumblr. She laughingly explained in an interview with this reporter that one of her law clerks told her about it. The clerk, she added, "also explained to me what 'Notorious R.B.G.' was a parody on." Giggling while telling the story, she continued, "Well, my grandchildren love it, and I try to keep abreast of what's on the Tumblr."

The Tumblr title is a reference to the late 300-pound rapper Notorious B.I.G., known as "Biggie," whose lyrics are raunchy enough that it's hard to find a printable line.

"Obviously, the humor is in the contrast," Knizhnik said. "It's about thinking of this ... small, Jewish grandmother, as contrasted to this larger-than-life persona that was Notorious B.I.G." They have something in common, she observed. Besides both being from Brooklyn, they both "pack a verbal punch."

Knizhnik created the Tumblr when she was still in law school at New York University. Now she and Irin Carmon, an MSNBC reporter, have written a highly illustrated nonfiction book about the iconic rise of RBG, who she is, how she got to the Supreme Court, and why young women want to be like her.

"I don't think the iconic status that she's achieved could happen without social media at all," Carmon said, "because I think the Internet has given young women the opportunity to choose our own heroes." And the reason that so many young women have chosen the octogenarian justice as their hero, she maintained, is that "there's this desire on the Internet to find something that feels authentic, and real and raw."

What Carmon and Knizhnik learned in working on their book is that Justice Ginsburg's life embodies way more than they knew. They knew she had been the architect of the legal fight for women's equal rights in the 1960s and '70s. They didn't know that when she entered Harvard Law School, the dean told her she was taking the place of a man. They didn't know that she already had a daughter back then, that her husband was battling cancer, and that she moved with him to New York, where she graduated first in her class from Columbia Law School and was recommended for a Supreme Court clerkship.

But, being a woman, she was not even interviewed. It was so difficult in those days for a professional woman to get a job that she hid her pregnancy while a professor at Rutgers; she didn't want to screw up her chances of getting tenure.

The book has lots of these stories, tons of photos, drawings, a selection of annotated opinions, dissents, and doodles by RBG, and the Notorious RBG workout. Yes, her workout, which, as Carmon observed, includes 20 pushups: "Every time I tell somebody that she can do 20 pushups, no one believes me. But we fact-checked it."

Indeed, Knizhnik recalled the first time she met Ginsburg was a prearranged introduction at the court that turned out to be just a few days after Ginsburg had a stent put in her heart to correct a blockage. "We asked how she was doing, and what we could tell her followers, and she said, 'Tell them I'll be back doing pushups in a few days.' "

But what surprised Knizhnik and Carmon the most was Ginsburg's derring-do, her parasailing, her waterskiing and her whitewater rafting well into her 60s and 70s. Carmon tells the story of a rafting trip where a Ginsburg friend tried to persuade the diminutive justice to move from the front of the raft to the back because he feared she would be swept away in the unprotected front seat.

RBG's response: "I don't sit in the back."

"One thing we learned while we were writing the book was that she's been underestimated her whole life," Carmon said. Some thought her "not radical enough, not liberal enough, too female, and too much a mother," according to Carmon. Others called her "dull," her writing "not intellectual enough."

"She's proven all those myths wrong," Carmon declared. "So I think a lot of young women know what it's like to be underestimated in that way, and they're inspired by the fact that she ... has so much integrity in who she is."

"The first Ruth Bader Ginsburg meme I ever saw was on Election Day 2012," Carmon said. "It was a portrait of her that said 'Ruth Bader Ginsburg did not have cancer twice and never miss a day on the bench, so you could stay home and not vote.' "

On a lighter note, the book also includes a section called "RBG's Swag," about the judicial collars she wears on the bench, with a black beaded number reserved for dissents. The authors note as well that Ginsburg often wears lacy gloves in public, but they admit they didn't know why. To be sure, it's fashion, but also to hide the permanent bruises on her hands from her chemotherapy years ago.

The book also contains a "How to be like RBG" section. Things like, "Think about what you want, then do the work ... but then enjoy what makes you happy."

As the young authors put it succinctly, "RBG gets out — a lot."

And finally, there is even a lyrical remix of Biggie's "Juicy" called "R.B. Juicy" rewritten for RBG, and captured on YouTube:

"Damn right, I'm gonna speak my mind

Because if we're not ahead, we're behind

And it's all good."

After this treatment, surely, Biggie would agree that RBG truly is notorious.

Copyright 2017 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.

ROBERT SIEGEL, HOST:

Supreme Court justices are, for the most part, robed and mysterious figures. You don't see their faces on T-shirts or painted on fingernails or picked for tattoos. They're not routinely parodied on "Saturday Night Live" or "Scandal" - well, at least not until Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg became a cultural icon around the same time she turned 80. Much of this is because of a Tumblr called the Notorious R.B.G. And now it's been transformed into a graphic nonfiction book that's out tomorrow. NPR legal affairs correspondent Nina Totenberg reports.

NINA TOTENBERG, BYLINE: Like any Tumblr, the Notorious R.B.G. allows people to post pretty much anything and do it anonymously. And so was that Shana Khiznik, enraged by a Supreme Court ruling gutting the Voting Rights Act, created a tribute Tumblr for the equally furious dissenter in that case, Justice Ginsburg. #TheNotoriousRBG soon took off like a bobsled on ice, and Ginsburg heard about the Tumblr.

(SOUNDBITE OF ARCHIVED RECORDING)

RUTH BADER GINSBURG: I think a law clerk told me about this Tumblr and also explained to me what Notorious RBG

(LAUGHTER)

GINSBURG: ...Was a parody on. And now I - well, my grandchildren love it.

(LAUGHTER)

GINSBURG: And I try to keep abreast of the latest that's on the Tumblr.

(LAUGHTER)

TOTENBERG: The Tumblr #NotoriousRBG is a reference to the late 300-pound rapper Notorious B.I.G., known as Biggie, whose lyrics are so raunchy that it's hard to find an arable line.

(SOUNDBITE OF SONG, "JUICY")

NOTORIOUS B.I.G.: (Rapping) Now I'm in the limelight 'cause I rhyme tight.

SHANA KNIZHNIK: The humor is in the contrast. It's this 80-something-year-old woman - small Jewish grandmother - contrasted to this larger-than-life persona that was Notorious B.I.G. They have something in common in that they are both from Brooklyn. And also, I think they both speak truth to power and can pack a verbal punch.

TOTENBERG: Shana Knizhnik created the Notorious R.B.G. Tumblr when she was still a law student at NYU. Now she and Irin Carmon, an MSNBC reporter, have written a graphic nonfiction book about the iconic rise of R.B.G. - who she is, how she got to the Supreme Court and why young women want to be like her. Irin Carmon...

IRIN CARMON: I don't think the iconic status that she's achieved could happen without social media at all because I think the Internet has given young women an opportunity to choose our own heroes. The hero that so many young women chose was this 82-year-old grandmother, and I think part of that is because there's this desire on the Internet to find something that feels authentic and real and raw.

TOTENBERG: What Carmon and Knizhnik learned in working on their book is that Justice Ginsburg's life embodies way more than they knew. They knew she'd been the architect of the legal fight for women's equal rights in the 1960s and '70s.

They didn't know that when she entered Harvard Law School, then dean told her she was taking the place of a man. They didn't know that she already had a daughter back then, that her husband was battling cancer and that she moved with him to New York where she graduated first in her class from Columbia Law School and was recommended for a Supreme Court clerkship. But being a woman, she wasn't even interviewed. It was so difficult in those days for a woman to get a professional job that she hid her pregnancy while a professor at Rutgers. She didn't want to screw up her chances of getting tenure.

The book has lots of these stories, tons of photos, drawings, a selection of annotated R.B.G. opinions, dissents, doodles and the Notorious R.B.G. workout - yes, her workout. Which, as Irin observes, included 20 push-ups.

CARMON: Every time I tell somebody that she can do 20 push-ups, no one believes me. But we fact-checked it.

TOTENBERG: Indeed, Shana recalls the first time she met Ginsburg was a prearranged introduction at the court that turned out to be just a few days after the justice had a stint put in her heart to correct a blockage.

KNIZHNIK: We asked how she was doing and what we could tell her followers. And she said, tell them I'll be back doing push-ups in a few days.

TOTENBERG: But what surprised Knizhnik and Carmon most was Ginsburg's daring do - her parasailing, her waterskiing and her whitewater rafting well into her 60s and 70s. Carmon tells the story of a rafting trip when a Ginsburg friend tried to persuade the diminutive justice to move from the front of the raft to the back because he feared she would be swept away in the unprotected front seat. R.B.G.'s response - I don't sit in the back. Irin Carmon...

CARMON: One thing that we learned while we were writing the book was that she's been underestimated her whole life.

TOTENBERG: Some thought her not radical enough, not liberal enough, too female, too much a mother. Some called her dull, her writing not intellectual enough according to Carmon.

CARMON: She's proven all of those myths wrong. So I think a lot of young women know what it's like to be underestimated in that way, and they're inspired by the fact that she has so much integrity in who she is. The first Ruth Bader Ginsburg meme that I ever saw was on Election Day in 2012. It was a portrait of her that said Ruth Bader Ginsburg did not have cancer twice and never missed a day on the bench so you could stay home and not vote.

TOTENBERG: On a lighter note, the book includes a section called R.B.G's Swag about the judicial collar she wears on the bench. A black beaded number is reserved for dissents. The authors note as well that Ginsburg often wears lacy gloves in public. But they admit they didn't know the reason. To be sure, it's fashion but also to hide the permanent bruises on her hands from her chemotherapy years ago. The book even contains new "Juicy" lyrics, modeled after Biggie's lyrics. But these are written for R.B.G.

(SOUNDBITE OF SONG, "JUICY")

UNIDENTIFIED SINGER: (Rapping) Yeah. This song is dedicated to all the judges that told me I'd never amount to nothing because of my gender, to all the people that lived in their ivory towers that I was hustling in front of.

TOTENBERG: And finally, there is the How To Be Like R.B.G. section - things like think about what you want, then do the work, but then enjoy what makes you happy. As the young authors put it succinctly, R.B.G. gets out a lot.

(SOUNDBITE OF SONG, "JUICY")

UNIDENTIFIED SINGER: (Rapping) Damn right I'm going to speak my mind 'cause if we can't move ahead, then we're behind. And it's all good. And if you don't know, now you know, (unintelligible).

TOTENBERG: Nina Totenberg, NPR News, Washington. Transcript provided by NPR, Copyright NPR.