Monitoring police stops by smartphone. New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg has defended the city’s use of so-called “stop and frisk” searches by police. Critics say the subjects of stop and frisks are disproportionately African-American and Latino men, which they call evidence of racial profiling. Today two New York City Council members said they’re introducing a measure to create an independent inspector general to oversee the N.Y.P.D. to review policies and conduct.