On a muggy Sunday morning in Rockville, Md., the parking lot of the local pet store is organized chaos at its finest. Several hundred people pack the lot looking for a dog to adopt, and they have 50 to choose from. But they'll have to sort through a whole bunch of barking and tail-wagging to do it.
The scene looks like a mix between a fair and speed dating. Volunteers run the check-in table, coordinators walk potential adoptive families through the logistics and people move from dog to dog trying to find a perfect match to take home.
And in many cases, those dogs have gone a long way to get to this parking lot. The event organizer, Lucky Dog Animal Rescue in Washington, D.C., brings in dogs not only from Virginia and the Carolinas, but Puerto Rico, too. In Puerto Rico alone, the Humane Society of the United States estimates there are about 300,000 homeless dogs.
Dinaz Campbell, 10, is among the people looking for a dog to adopt. She's here with her dad, and she says she's finally found her dream dog.
"I've been looking since last year" she says. "At the start, I was looking for a puppy until I realized how much work it was going to be."
So a slightly older dog, like Sherry, a caramel-colored 2-year-old with big eyes, seems to be a perfect fit for the rising fifth grader. Dinaz says it was love at first sight.
Like many here looking for a dog, Dinaz says she likes the idea of adopting and saving a dog's life. But she's still surprised to find just how far Sherry has come — all the way from San Juan. She was rescued from a dumpster in Puerto Rico with her three puppies. Her $300 adoption fee covers shots, treatment and canine airfare from the airline.
Mirah Horowitz, founder and executive director of Lucky Dog, one of nearly 14,000 animal rescue organizations in the U.S., explains why so many of their rescues come from Puerto Rico, despite the distance. The spay-and-neuter laws are especially lax there, she says, and Puerto Ricans don't seem to share the culture of adoption that has become the norm on the mainland.
And Michelle Cintron, a dog rescuer with the Puerto Rico Alliance for Companion Animals, echoes that sentiment.
"The dogs are just roaming around," Cintron says, "and a lot of people don't see them, because when they are so many of them that they just become part of the landscape."
Cintron works at the Alliance's shelter in Guaynabo, just north of San Juan. The place has become a paradise of sorts for dogs, many of which are rescued sick or injured. At the shelter, dogs get medical care, vaccinations and lots of love before they are found a home — which is the biggest challenge.
In Puerto Rico, satos, local slang for stray dogs, are just as common as palm trees and white-sand beaches, Cintron says. Satos can be found in rivers, trash cans, sidewalks and beaches — "because," she says, "if you want a dog in Puerto Rico, you open your door and you'll find a dog."
The no-kill movement began two decades ago in the United States, and it has given millions of dogs a second chance; instead of being euthanized, they are matched with families. Until recently, though, that movement had struggled to take hold in Puerto Rico.
But now, the movement is picking up momentum on the island. Earlier this year, the Humane Society set up an office for the first time there to crack down on animal abuse and promote a culture of love and respect for pets. And the group is setting up an infrastructure to help enforce animal cruelty regulations.
Beyond the lack of enforcement on spay-and-neuter laws, poverty also proves to an issue. Many in Puerto Rico have trouble covering their own daily needs, let alone paying for a pet's medical care and food. As a result, dogs often face neglect, abuse and cruelty.
Cintron says that when the alliance was created five years ago, it was intended not just to teach people humane ways to care for dogs, but also to change attitudes. They're working hard to change the ways people think about the treatment and adoption of dogs on the island.
She begins to cry as she talks about what she describes as the promise she makes to the dogs she rescues. "That promise is: You're going to be safe, you're going to be happy, and you're going to find a home. And," she repeats, through her tears, "you're going to find a home."
Even if that new home is more than 1,500 miles away.
SCOTT SIMON, HOST:
Summer's peak pet adoption season in the United States, and a growing number of the dogs on offer come from Puerto Rico. Marisa Penaloza visited the island and an adoption clinic near Washington, D.C.
MARISA PENALOZA, BYLINE: It's a hot, muggy Sunday in the parking lot of a pet store in Rockville, Md. A couple hundred people walk around looking for a dog to take home. Ten-year-old Dinaz Campbell says she's finally found her match.
DINAZ CAMPBELL: I've been looking since last year. And I was kind of, at the start, looking for a puppy until I realized how much work it was going to be.
PENALOZA: Puppies need to be walked about seven times a day. She says no thanks. She tenderly holds 2-year-old Sherry. The small, caramel-colored dog stares at Dinaz with big eyes. The crowd is making the dog a little bit nervous.
(SOUNDBITE OF DOG WHIMPERING)
DINAZ: Come here.
PENALOZA: The rising fifth-grader has done her homework and has her dog's schedule all figured out.
DINAZ: I really want to be the one who feeds her because if you feed the dog, then you're the god.
PENALOZA: Wow, says Campbell, when she learns her new dog came all the way from Puerto Rico. The adoption fee is $300 and includes canine airfare from San Juan. There are about 300,000 stray dogs on the island, according to the Humane Society. The event organizer, Lucky Dog Animal Rescue, brings in dogs from the Carolinas, Virginia and Puerto Rico, where founder Mirah Horowitz says the spay-and-neuter laws are especially lax.
MIRAH HOROWITZ: And they don't have a culture of adoption the way that we have a culture of adoption, so we're able to find many of their dogs homes very quickly.
MICHELLE CINTRON: My name is Michelle Cintron, and I work for Puerto Rico Alliance for Companion Animals. This is what we call La Finca, The Farm. There's about 45 animals here right now. All of them have been rescued. This is Feva (ph). She's a really happy dog, and she's wagging her tail.
PENALOZA: The Farm is an animal shelter into Guaynabo, just north of the capital city of San Juan. It's a paradise of sorts for satos, local slang for stray dogs. Here, they get medical care and lots of love before they're found a permanent home.
CINTRON: (Speaking Spanish).
PENALOZA: Suddenly, Cintron's arms erupt into a thick red rash.
CINTRON: I'm allergic to dogs, and I know it's a very hard thing to be allergic to when you're a dog rescuer.
PENALOZA: No big deal, she says, while furiously scratching her arms. Michelle Cintron and others are working hard to change rooted attitudes about the treatment and adoption of dogs on the island. Poverty plays a role in those attitudes. Many people here have trouble covering their own needs, let alone paying for a pet's medical care and food. Cintron quickly gets emotional talking about what she describes as a promise that she makes to rescue dogs.
CINTRON: And that promise is you're going to be safe. You're going to be happy - sorry - and you're going to find a home.
PENALOZA: Even if that new home is more than 1,500 miles away. Marisa Penaloza, NPR News, Puerto Rico. Transcript provided by NPR, Copyright NPR.